Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the thirty-seventh President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974, and the thirty-sixth Vice President of the United States in the administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953–1961).
During the Second World War, he served as a Navy lieutenant commander in the Pacific, before being elected to the Congress, and later serving as Vice President.
After an unsuccessful presidential run in 1960, Nixon was elected in 1968.
Under President Nixon, the United States followed a foreign policy
marked by détente with the Soviet Union and by the opening of
diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.
His centrist domestic policies combined conservative rhetoric and
liberal action in civil rights, environmental and economic initiatives.
As a result of the Watergate scandal, Nixon resigned the presidency in
the face of likely impeachment by the United States House of
His successor, Gerald Ford, issued a controversial pardon for any
federal crimes Nixon may have committed. Nixon is the only person
elected twice each to the offices of both vice president and president.
He is also the only President of the United States to have resigned from the office.